Employment rose and the unemployment rate declined in March

Montréal, April 4, 2014 – In March, employment increased in Québec (+15,100; +0.4%) and in Canada as a whole (+42,900; +0.2%). Growth was seen only in full-time employment (+24,000), as part-time employment declined (–8,900). Furthermore, the growth in employment was solely to the benefit of women (+14,100), while male employment remained virtually unchanged (+1,100). Employment increased more among people aged 15 to 24 (+11,200) than among people aged 25 or over (+3,900). These are the findings of the analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec on the basis of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.

Employment progressed in the services sector (+24,400), but fell in the goods sector (–9,200). The unemployment rate dipped 0.2 points to 7.6%, given the higher increase in employment than the increase in the labour force (in Canada: – 0.1 points to 6.9%). The employment rate improved by 0.2 points to 60.2% (in Canada: +0.1 points to 61.7%). For its part, the labour force participation rate remained stable at 65.1% (in Canada: stable at 66.2%). From a regional standpoint (three-month moving averages), the Montérégie region experienced the highest growth in employment (+8,200), while Laval showed the largest reduction (–4,900). The lowest unemployment rates were recorded in the Chaudière-Appalaches (3.8%) and Capitale-Nationale (4.7%) regions.

Employment varied little in the first quarter of 2014

In the first quarter of 2014, employed varied little in Québec (–5,000; –0.1%), after an increase of 42,100 jobs in the fourth quarter of 2013 (+1.1%). The reduction in full-time employment (–10,000) was offset by the slight advance in part-time employment (+5,000). In contrast to women (+7,300), men recorded a decline (–12,300). By age group, employment increased only among workers aged 55 or older (+18,100); it fell among workers aged 25 to 54 (–21,500) and remained stable among young people aged 15 to 24 (–1,500).

Employment levels in the goods sector and the services sector changed little in the first quarter of 2014. Health care and social assistance (+13,200), manufacturing (+7,200), and finance, insurance, real estate and leasing (+6,100) recorded the largest gains in employment, while construction (–15,200), trade (–14,000) and public administration (–11,400) lost the most jobs.

Compared with the fourth quarter of 2013, the labour force remained unchanged in the first quarter of 2014. The unemployment rate in Québec increased 0.1 points to 7.6 %, a higher level than in Ontario (7.4%), and Canada (7.0%). The employment rate declined in Québec (–0.2 points), Ontario (–0.2 points) and Canada (–0.1 points) to 60.2%, 61.0% and 61.6%, respectively. As for the labour force participation rate, it settled at 65.2% (–0.1 points) in Québec, 66.0% (–0.2 points) in Ontario and 66.2% (–0.2 points) in Canada. In the first quarter of 2014, employment varied little in Québec, Ontario and Canada.

« The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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