Employment up and unemployment rate down in November

Montréal, December 5, 2014 – In November, employment increased in Québec (+ 19,600; + 0.5%), but was little changed in Canada (– 10,700; – 0.1%). This increase was only observed in full-time work (+ 29,200), as part-time work declined (– 9,600). Employment was up among both women (+ 10,700) and men (+ 8,900). Persons aged 15 to 24 (+ 6,700) and those aged 25 and over (+ 13,000) saw employment gains. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada.

The services sector gained 23,200 jobs, while the goods sector remained stable. The unemployment rate edged down 0.1 points to 7.6%, as there was a larger increase in employment than in the labour force (in Canada: + 0.1 points to 6.6%). As for the employment rate, it increased 0.3 points to 59.7% (in Canada: stable at 61.6%). The participation rate rose 0.2 points to 64.6% (in Canada: stable at 66.0%). On a regional level (three-month moving averages), Montréal (+ 8,200) and Lanaudière (+ 5,700) showed the strongest employment growth, whereas the Montérégie region recorded the largest decline (– 5,100). The lowest unemployment rate was seen in the Chaudière-Appalaches region (5.3%).

Employment stable in the first 11 months of 2014

In the first 11 months of 2014, employment was stable in Québec compared with the same period in 2013 (– 1,000; 0.0%). In contrast, employment grew by 0.7% in Canada over the same period (+ 132,100). In the United States, employment rose by 1.6% (+ 2,295,700). The employment rate declined by 0.4 points in both Québec and Canada to 59.8% and 61.5% respectively over the first 11 months of 2014. In the United States, it increased 0.4 points to 59.0%.

In the first 11 months of 2014, employment was stable in Québec compared with the same period in 2013 (– 1,000; 0.0%). In contrast, employment grew by 0.7% in Canada over the same period (+ 132,100). In the United States, employment rose by 1.6% (+ 2,295,700). The employment rate declined by 0.4 points in both Québec and Canada to 59.8% and 61.5% respectively over the first 11 months of 2014. In the United States, it increased 0.4 points to 59.0%.

The number of unemployed was up in Québec in the first 11 months of 2014 (+ 6,200, + 1.9%) compared with the same months in 2013, contrasting with the declines observed in Canada (– 21,700; – 1.6%) and the United States (– 1,836,300; – 15.9%). During this same period, the unemployment rate rose in Québec (+ 0.2 points), but decreased in Canada (– 0.2 points). There was a much larger drop in the U.S. unemployment rate (– 1.2 points). At 7.8%, the unemployment rate in Québec was higher than in Canada (6.9%) and the United States (6.2%).

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »

 

Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyses and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is the statistical coordinator for Québec and the relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

Sources:

  • Marc-André Demers
    Labour Statistics Analyst
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6212
    Institut de la statistique du Québec
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