Slower growth of Québec population in 2013

Québec, December 9, 2014 – Québec’s population increased by about 63,000 people in 2013, compared with an increase of over 73,000 in 2012. The total growth rate declined from 9.1 per thousand to 7.7 per thousand. Population growth slowed down for the fourth consecutive year since peaking at 11.0 per thousand in 2009. Between 2012 and 2013, the number of births and deaths remained fairly stable. The slowdown was due to changes in migration components, such as higher interprovincial losses and a decline in the number of immigrants. Québec’s population stood at 8.18 million people at the end of 2013 and reached 8.21 million on July 1, 2014. These results are drawn from the 2014 edition of the Bilan démographique du Québec published today by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.

Lower migration balance

Québec welcomed about 52,000 immigrants in 2013, down from 55,050 immigrants admitted in 2012. The top countries of origin were China, France and Algeria, followed by Haiti and Morocco. Nearly two out of three newcomers were aged 20 to 44.

Québec’s net interprovincial migration was estimated at – 13,100 people in 2013, compared to – 8,700 in 2012. If the final data confirm these estimates, the losses experienced in 2013 would be the most significant since 1998. The largest deficits came from migratory exchanges with Ontario (– 7,100) and Alberta (– 4,700).

Life expectancy of men rises above 80 years

The number of deaths recorded in 2013 was 60,800, the same as in 2012. The life expectancy of men reached 80.2 years in 2013, while that of women was 84.1 years. Life expectancy for men is now above 80 years, a threshold reached by women in 1989. Women are living longer, but men are catching up. The gap between men and women was nearly 8 years in the early 1980s, but is now under 4 years.

Fertility rate slightly under 1.7 children per woman

There were 88,600 births in Québec in 2013, a very similar level to that recorded in 2012 (88,700). The total fertility rate was 1.65 children per woman in 2013. It continued its slight downward trend, after increasing from 1.45 children per woman in 2000 to 1.73 in 2008 and 2009. For the first time in Québec, the fertility rate was slightly higher among women aged 30 to 34 than those aged 25 to 29. This change is part of a general trend towards having children at increasingly older ages.

Religious marriages account for less than half of all marriages

Approximately 23,200 marriages were celebrated in Québec in 2013. There were about 600 same-sex marriages, accounting for 3% of the total. Religious marriages continued to lose popularity. Their share dropped below 50% among opposite-sex couples who married in 2013. There was a significant increase in the number of civil marriages celebrated by a designated person (parent, friend, etc.). The propensity of Quebecers to marry remained very low. Only 28% of men and 31% of women are expected to marry at least once before their 50th birthday if age specific marriage rates among single individuals remain at the 2013 levels. These rates have been stable since the early 2000s.

Regional assessments

The 2014 edition of the Bilan démographique du Québec contains 17 regional fact sheets providing an overview of the demographic situation in each administrative region.

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