Employment rose and the unemployment rate declined in January

Montréal, February 7, 2014 – In January, employment increased by 12,700 in Québec (+0.3%) and 29,400 in Canada as a whole (+0.2%). Full-time employment changed little, while part-time employment grew by 13,500 (+1.7%). Growth was mainly observed among women (+10,500), as employment increased by 2,200 among men. Employment climbed solely among people aged 25 or over (+14,200); it remained stable among people aged 15 to 24. These are the findings of the analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.

The services sector (+8,600) and the goods sector (+4,200) recorded higher employment. The unemployment rate dropped 0.2 points to 7.5% because of the increase in employment and the stability of the labour force (in Canada: –0.2 points; 7.0%). The employment rate rose 0.1 points to 60.4% (it was stable in Canada at 61.6%). The labour force participation rate remained unchanged at 65.3%. From a regional standpoint (three-month moving averages), the Capitale-Nationale region (+5,600) and the Chaudière-Appalaches region (+3,200) showed employment growth, whereas in the Laurentides region (–3,900) and the Montréal region (–3,700), employment declined.

Employment advanced in the last quarter of 2013

In the fourth quarter of 2013, employment progressed in Québec (+42,100; +1.1%), after slipping by 21,800 in the third quarter (–0.5%). Both full-time employment (+18,900) and part-time employment (+23,200) increased. Men (+25,600) and women (+16,500) benefited from the employment gains. By age group, employment increased among workers aged 55 or older (+18,900), among workers aged 25 to 54 (+17,100) and among young people aged 15 to 24 (+6,100).

Employment forged ahead in the services sector (+44,100) and remained stable in the goods sector in the fourth quarter. Transportation and warehousing (+23,300), health care and social assistance (+11,800), as well as accommodation and food services (+9,000) stood out because of their level of job creation. However, business services, related to buildings, etc. (–8,700) sustained the highest job losses.

Compared with the third quarter, there were 28,700 more people in the labour force in the fourth quarter of 2013. The unemployment rate in Québec dipped 0.4 points to 7.5%, a rate identical to that of Ontario, but higher than that of Canada (7.0%). The employment rate settled at 60.4% (+ 0.6 points) in Québec, while it reached 61.7% in Canada and 61.2% in Ontario. As for the labour force participation rate, it hit 65.3% (+0.3 points) in Québec, 66.4% in Canada and 66.2% in Ontario. In the fourth quarter, employment increased in Québec (+1.1%), but changed little in Canada (+0.2%) and Ontario (–0.1%).

« The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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