Montréal, January 10, 2014 – In December, employment declined slightly in Quebec (– 10 200; – 0.3%), and across Canada (– 45 900; – 0.3%). Full-time work also declined (– 10 100), while part-time work remained stable. This decrease in employment concerned women only (– 10 400) since employment among men was unchanged. The employment drop was also concentrated among workers aged 25 and over (– 18 600); workers aged 15 to 24 posted a gain of 8400 jobs. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.
The services sector lost 3600 jobs while the goods sector lost 6600. The unemployment rate edged up 0.5 points to 7.7%, driven by lower employment and increase in the labour force (in Canada: + 0.3 points; 7.2 %). The employment rate went down 0.2 points to 60.3% (in Canada: – 0.2 point; 61.6%). As for participation rate, it rose 0.1 points to 65.3%. On a regional level (three-month moving averages), the Capitale-Nationale (+ 6600) and Laval (+ 6400) regions recorded growth in employment, while the Laurentides posted the only significant decrease (– 3600).
Employment growth continues in 2013
Quebec recorded a growth of 47 800 jobs (+ 1.2%) in 2013, compared to 30 800 (+ 0.8%) in 2012. The number of employed people reached 4 032 200. As for new jobs, 27 500 are full-time, while 20 300 are part-time. Employment is rising among both men (+ 27 000) and women (+ 20 800). A 49 300 job growth was noted in workers aged 55 and over, while a 5300 decrease was observed in those aged 25 to 54. Youths aged 15 to 24 made a gain of 3700 jobs.
In 2013, 44 800 people joined the labour force (+ 1.0%). Participation rate stood at 65.2%. The employment rate increased and stood at 60.3%, while the unemployment rate fell to 7.6%. Almost all of new jobs were created in the services sector (+ 45 600). In this sector, health care and social assistance (+ 27 800) and accommodation and food services (+ 12 100) had the largest employment increases, while educational services (– 11 600) recorded the largest drop. In the goods sector, the employment increase in construction (+ 13 500) was offset by declines recorded in manufacturing (– 12 300).
It should be noted that job creation benefited employees only (+ 53 600) in 2013, particularly those working in the private sector (+ 52 000). Self-employment dropped by 5800.
Employment growth was slightly higher in Ontario (+ 1.4%) and Canada (1.3%) than in Quebec (+ 1.2%). The annual Quebec unemployment rate is slightly higher (7.6%) than in Ontario (7.5%) and Canada (7.1%).
« The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »
Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.
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