Minor variations in employment and unemployment in June

Montréal, July 11, 2014 – In June, there was little change in employment in Québec (+3,500; +0.1%) and Canada (-9,400; -0.1%). This relative stability was due to an increase in full-time jobs (+23,100) compensated by a drop in part-time jobs (-19,600). Employment recorded slight variations among both men (+300) and women (+3,200). People aged 25 and over made gains of 11,800 jobs, while those aged 15-24 posted losses (-8,300). These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey, made public today by Statistics Canada1.

Employment was up in the goods sector (+8,700) but went down in the services sector (-5,200). The unemployment rate rose 0.1 points to 8.1% due to an increase in the labour force (+0.2%) and to stability in employment (in Canada: +0.1%; 7.1%). The employment rate remained stable at 59.6% (in Canada: -0.1 points; 61.4%). The participation rate increased 0.1 point to 64.9% (in Canada: stable at 66.1%). On a regional level (three-month moving averages), employment dropped in Montréal (-10,300) while remaining stable in other regions. The lowest unemployment rates were seen in the Chaudière-Appalaches (5.3%) and Capitale-Nationale (5.4%) regions. In contrast, Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine (15.7%) posted the highest unemployment rate.

Employment decreases in second quarter of 2014

In the second quarter of 2014, Québec lost 29,800 jobs (-0.7%), following a relatively stable first quarter. Full-time work declined   (-16,000), as did part-time work (-13,800). Employment was down mainly among men (-27,700). By age group, employment dropped mostly in people aged 25-54 (-21,700), edged down 6800 among 15-24 year olds but remained stable among people aged 55 and over.

The goods sector (-18,700) and the services sector (-11,100) both experienced employment drops in the second quarter of 2014. Manufacturing industries (-18,300) and health care and social assistance industries (-10,600) recorded the biggest losses. In contrast, public administration gained 18,300.


« The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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