Employment stable and unemployment rate up in May

Montréal, June 6, 2014 – In May, employment remained stable in Québec (–800; 0.0%), but increased slightly in Canada (+25,800, +0.1%).This stability was due to an increase in part-time employment (+25,900) offset by a decrease in full-time employment (–26,700). Moreover, employment gains among women (+4,200) were offset by a decline among men (–5,000). People aged 15 to 24 gained 6,900 jobs, while those aged 25 and over posted losses (–7,800).These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.

The services sector (+18,500) saw employment gains, while the goods sector posted losses (–19,300). The unemployment rate rose 0.4 points to 8.0% due to an increase in the labour force (+0.4%) and to stability in employment (in Canada: +0.1%; 7.0%). The employment rate edged down 0.1 points to 59.6% (in Canada: stable at 61.5%). The participation rate increased 0.2 point to 64.8% (in Canada: stable at 66.1%). At the regional level (three-month moving averages), the Montérégie (+4,200) recorded the most notable employment growth, while the Montréal region (–6,300) saw the steepest drop. The Chaudière-Appalaches (4.4%) and the Capitale-Nationale (5.3%) posted the lowest unemployment rates.

Full-time employment has remained relatively stable since December 2013

Compared with December 2013, there were 30,500 fewer jobs in the Québec economy (–0.8 points). Full-time work declined (–23,400), as did part-time work (–7,000). Full-time work dropped among men (–20,500) but remained stable for women. As for part-time work, there were losses among men (–20,300) and gains for women (+13,300). Employment only increased among people aged 55 and over (+7,900), and decreased among those aged 25 to 54 (–34,100) and those aged 15 to 24 (– 4,300).

Since December 2013, there are 19,100 fewer people in the labor force and the unemployment rate is up 0.3 points.


« The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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