Québec, May 6, 2014 – In 2013, birth and death numbers remained fairly stable in Québec. According to preliminary data, 88,600 births were recorded, compared with 88,700 in 2012. This represents the sixth year of quasi-stability. In the case of deaths, the number recorded in 2013 is 60,800, identical to that estimated for 2012. In 2013, the natural increase of the population—i.e. the excess of births over deaths—stood at 27,800. These findings were obtained from the newsletter Coup d’œil sociodémographique, issue 32, released today on the website of the Institut de la statistique du Québec.
In recent years, fertility has declined slightly. According to the total fertility rate, it stood at 1.65 children per woman in 2013, from a peak of 1.73 children per woman recorded in 2008 and 2009. The tendency for women to have children at increasingly older ages continues. For the first time in Québec, women age 30 to 34 had a slightly higher fertility rate than women age 25 to 29. The average age at maternity reached 30.3 years in 2013; it was 28.7 years at the time of birth of the first child.
Life expectancy at birth rose slightly in Québec. In 2013, it was 84.1 years for women and 80.2 for men. Thus, the latter have crossed the threshold of 80 years, which was reached by women in 1989. Since the life expectancy of men is growing faster than that of women, the gap in longevity continues to shrink. While it was about 8 years at the end of the 1970s, it was slightly less than 4 years in 2013.
Issue 32 of the newsletter Coup d’œil sociodémographique also contains birth and fertility data, as well as death and mortality data for each Québec administrative region.
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