Employment drops and unemployment rate remains stable in April

Montréal, May 9, 2014 – In April, employment declined in Québec (– 32,000; – 0.8%) and across Canada (– 28,900; – 0.2%). Full-time employment (– 22,900) decreased as did part-time (– 9100). Moreover, both male (– 18,200) and female employment
(– 13,800) recorded losses. Employment also declined among workers age 25 and over (– 18,300) and those age 15 to 24
(– 13,700). These are the main findings of an analysis of employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada.1

Employment decreased in the services sector (– 29,800), but remained relatively stable in the goods sector (– 2,200). As for the unemployment rate, it remained stable at 7.6% due to a drop in employment similar to that in the labour force (in Canada: stable at 6.9%). The employment rate was down 0.5 points and stood at 59.7% (in Canada: – 0.2 points, 61.5%). The participation rate edged down 0.5 points to 64.6% (in Canada: – 0.1 points; 66.1%). On a regional level (three-month moving averages), the Montérégie region (+ 6,500) recorded the highest employment gains, whereas the Capitale-Nationale (– 8400) and the Laurentides (– 6300) posted the largest decreases. The lowest unemployment rates were seen in the Chaudière-Appalaches (4.2%) and Capitale‑Nationale (5.0%) regions.

Self-employment and the public sector made gains over the last twelve months

In April 2014, there were 3,457,900 employees in Québec and 557,900 self-employed workers. The latter accounted for 13.9% of total employment. There were 2,571,300 people working in the private sector – about three quarters of total employees – and 886,600 in the public sector.

Over the past 12 months, payroll employment remained relatively stable (– 4800; – 0.1%); in fact, this stability was due to employment growth in the public sector (+ 26,400) and decline in the private sector (– 51,100). Finally, for self-employed workers, employment increased (+ 20,000; +3.7%).

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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