Employment down and unemployment rate up in October

Montréal, November 7, 2014 – In October, employment decreased in Québec (– 14,200; – 0.4%), but went up in Canada
(+ 43,100; + 0.2%). The decline was only in full-time work (– 30,100), as part-time work increased (+ 15,900). Employment was down almost exclusively among women (– 14,000), while remaining stable among men. Workers aged 15 to 24 (– 12,600) were the hardest hit, compared with those aged 25 and over (– 1,600). These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada.1

The services sector (– 24,900) was behind the net loss in employment, as opposed to the goods sector which saw gains
(+ 10,700). The unemployment rate edged up 0.1 points to 7.7%, due to a larger decline in employment than in the labour force (in Canada: – 0.3 points; 6.5%). The employment rate was down 0.3 points to 59.4% (in Canada: + 0.1 points; 61.6%). The participation rate declined 0.2 points to 64.4% (in Canada: stable at 66.0%). At the regional level (three-month moving averages), the most notable decrease in employment was recorded in Montérégie (– 4,000), while Montréal saw the largest increase (+ 4,100). The Centre-du-Québec region (5.2%) had the lowest unemployment rate.

Compared with December 2013, employment was down in Québec (– 28,700; – 0.7%), but up in Canada (+ 200,700; + 1.1%).

Employment stable in 10 administrative regions over the past 12 months

From October 2013 to October 2014, change in employment (three-month moving averages) varied by administrative region. Two regions saw employment gains, four recorded losses, and ten showed relative stability, i.e. employment change below 3,000. The Montérégie (+ 29,200; + 3.9%) and Laval (+ 9,800; + 4.4%) regions showed employment growth, while the Montréal (– 23,100;
– 2.4%) and Laurentides (– 9,400; – 3.1%) regions experienced the sharpest declines.

Over the past 12 months, employment remained stable in the Montréal census metropolitan area (CMA) (– 3,600; – 0.2%). However, this figure hides the fact that part-time work was up (+ 21,700) while full-time work declined (– 25,300).

Between October 2013 and October 2014, employment increased in five out of fifteen industries in the Montréal CMA, but went down in five others (employment change above 3,000). The strongest employment gains were seen in the information, culture and recreation industry (+ 9,400), while the most substantial drop was noted in other services (– 12,500). As for the Québec CMA, employment grew by 5,900 between October 2013 and October 2014.


1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.

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