Non-standard employment in Québec decreases and reconfigures

Québec, October 8, 2014 – The proportion of non-standard jobs (temporary, part-time or self-employed workers) fell by 5 to 10 percentage points in four Québec industries between 1997-1999 and 2011-2013 (3-year average). These results are drawn from the Flash-info newsletter released today by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.

The construction industry saw its share of non-standard workers decline by nearly 10 points (-9.5 points) to approximately 45% in 2011-2013, despite an increase of 35,000 non-standard jobs. The number of non-standard jobs increased at the same rate in the industry of professional, scientific and technical services, while its share decreased by more than 8 percentage points to about 40% in 2011-2013.

The trade industry and health care and social assistance industry experienced a decrease in their non-standard employment rate of 5 to 6 percentage points. This drop in health care and social assistance is even more significant considering the addition of more than 50,000 non-standard jobs in the industry from 1997-1999 to 2011-2013. Conversely, during this period, the educational services industry grew by about 6 points in its share of non-standard employment, standing at over 40%. This industry also saw its number of non-standard jobs increase by 35,000.

Furthermore, non-standard employment in Québec experienced significant changes: a drop in the share of self-employed workers with paid help was observed, along with an increase in the share of full-time temporary payroll jobs. The increase was mainly observed in 30-54 year olds, university graduates, professionals, union members as well as in the public sector and educational services.

From 1997-1999 to 2011-2013, nearly 210,000 non-standard jobs were created in Québec. However, the net number of standard jobs—permanent full-time payroll jobs—grew twice as fast during this period. This growth represents about 70% of that of total employment.

In large companies, hourly wage of Québec lawyers and notaries does not vary by sector, union coverage or gender

In 2013, lawyers and notaries working in Québec companies of 200 or more employees generally received a similar hourly wage, whether they were working in the private or public sector, were unionized or not and whether they were male or female.

However, total compensation per hour worked—i.e. when taking into account hours at work and non-wage benefits—was higher for lawyers and notaries in the public sector, unionized and male.


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyses and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is the statistical coordinator for Québec and the relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

Sources:

  • Luc Cloutier-Villeneuve
    Labour Statistics Analyst
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6207
  • Nadège Jean
    Coordinator, Compensation Studies and Customer Relations
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6224
  • Sylvain Carrier
    Communications Advisor
    Phone: 418-691-2403, Ext. 3329
    Cell: 418-655-2411


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