Employment slightly up and unemployment rate down in September

Montréal, October 10, 2014 – In September, employment rose slightly in Québec (+6,500; +0.2%) and a bit more in Canada (+74,100; +0.4%). Part-time employment (+9,400) increased, while full-time (-2,800) dropped. A rise in employment was observed for women (+6,400), while men experienced stability. In addition, employment grew among workers aged 15 to 24 (+6,100) but stagnated for those 25 and older. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey, made public today by Statistics Canada1.

The services sector (-21,600) experienced job losses, while the goods sector saw gains (+28,100). The unemployment rate went down 0.1 points to 7.6% due to a larger increase in employment than in the labour force (in Canada: -0.2%; 6.8%). The employment rate increased 0.1 points to 59.7% (in Canada: +0.2 points; 61.5%). The participation rate remained stable at 64.6% (in Canada: also stable at 66.0%). At a regional level (three-month moving averages), the Laurentides recorded the most notable employment growth (+5,100), while other regions remained stable.

Employment rebounds in third quarter of 2014

In the third quarter of 2014, Québec saw an increase of 8,900 jobs (+0.2%), after a 29,800 decline in the second quarter. The loss of 16,400 full-time jobs was offset by a gain of 25,300 part-time jobs. Employment growth was observed only in men (+12,200). Individuals aged 25-54 (-9,600) recorded job losses, while those 15 to 24 (+12,600) and 55 years and older (+5,800) saw gains.

The employment increase of the third quarter stemmed from an increase in employees (+17,400) combined with a decline in self-employed workers (-8,500). Employment increased in the private sector (+19,800) but remained stable in the public sector. In the third quarter of 2014, employment increased in the services sector (+8,100), while varying little in the goods sector. The strongest increases were recorded in the trade industries (+21,900), accommodation and food services (+19,900) and government (+13,100). In contrast, the most significant losses were observed in health care and social assistance (-17,100) and transportation and warehousing (-11,400).

Compared with the second quarter, there were 4,600 more people in the labor force in the third quarter of 2014. The unemployment rate in Québec fell by 0.1 points to 7.8%—a rate higher than that of Ontario (-0.1 points; 7.3%) and Canada (-0.1 points; 6.9%). As for the employment rate, it remained at 59.6%, increasing by 0.1 points to 61.2% in Ontario and decreasing 0.1 points to 61.4% in Canada. The participation rate dropped to 64.7% (-0.1 points) in Québec, while standing at 66.0% in Ontario and Canada. In the third quarter, employment increased in Ontario (+0.4%), Canada (+0.3%) and slightly less in Québec (+0.2%).

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.

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