Employment stable and unemployment rate down in August

Montréal, September 5, 2014 – In August, there was little change in employment in Québec (+4,100; +0.1%) and Canada
(-11,000; -0.1%). Part-time work rose slightly (+5,800), while full-time work remained stable (-1,800). Employment increased among men (+13,000), while dropping for women (-8,900). It also decreased for workers aged 15 to 24 (-5,600), but increased for those aged 25 and over (+9,600). These are the main findings of an analysis of employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec, from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.

Employment was up in the services sector (+16,100) but went down in the goods sector (-12,000). The unemployment rate edged down 0.4 points to 7.7% due to stability in employment and decline in the labour force (stable at 7.0% in Canada). The employment rate remained stable at 59.6% (in Canada: -0.1 points; 61.3%), while the participation rate went down 0.2 points to 64.6% (-0.1 points to 66.0% in Canada). At the regional level (three-month moving averages), the Montérégie region recorded the most notable employment growth (+5,200), while in other regions employment remained stable.

Student employment up compared with summer 2013

During the summer 2014 (July and August), 333,800 students were employed (population aged 15 to 24 who were attending school full-time in March and planned to go back to school in the fall). Student summer employment was distributed between part-time (179,600) and full-time (154,200) and a greater number of female students (193,400) than male students (140,300) were employed. The largest number of students employed was in the 17 to 19 (141,000) and 20 to 24 (141,600) age groups, with 51,200 students working in the 15 to 16 age group.

Compared with the summer of 2013, employment increased for students (+11,600; +3.6%): many of these jobs were full-time (+10,600) and held by women (+13,200). Part-time employment and employment among men remained stable. Analysis by age group revealed that young people aged 15 to 16 had the highest growth (+7,300), followed by those aged 20 to 24 (+4,000). Employment stability was observed in the 17 to 19 age group. The student employment rate was up 2.7 points to 60.0%. The participation rate also increased (0.6 points to 68.5%). As for the unemployment rate, it dropped 3.2 points to 12.4% due to an increase in employment and a drop in the labour force (-0.1%).

In Canada, summer employment for students also increased (+14,700; +1.2%) compared to the summer of 2013. As in the previous year, Canadian students recorded a lower employment rate (53.0%) and a higher unemployment rate (15.2%) than their Québec counterparts.

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyses and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is the statistical coordinator for Québec and the relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.


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