Employment up and unemployment rate down in July

Montréal, August 7, 2015 – In July, employment increased in Québec (+21,700; +0.5%), but remained stable in Canada (+6,600, 0.0%). There were 4,097,200 people working in Québec and 17,954,000 in Canada. The unemployment rate stood at 7.7% (-0.3 points) in Québec and remained unchanged at 6.8% in Canada. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada.1

Employment was up by 31,900 in the services-producing sector but declined in the goods-producing sector (-10,200) in July 2015.

Over the past twelve months, employment increased by 43,700 (+1.1%) in Québec and by 161,400 (+0.9%) in Canada.

Employment up in the services-producing sector compared with July 2014

Compared with July 2014, 65,200 jobs were added to the services-producing sector (+2.0%) in Québec, while the goods-producing sector lost 21,400 jobs (-2.5%). The decrease in the latter was mostly attributable to the construction industry (-20,000). As for the increase in employment in the services-producing sector, it was due to the following industries: transportation and warehousing (+22,400), trade (+19,700), business, building and other support services (+19,600), public administration (+19,400), and professional, scientific and technical services (+19,200). However, the increase in the services-producing sector was hampered by losses in the other services (-26,300) and the information, culture and recreation (-19,900) industries.

In Canada, as in Québec, the services-producing sector (+186,300; +1.3%) was behind the employment growth registered over the past twelve months. In fact, the goods-producing sector lost 24,800 jobs (-0.6%), due in part to the downturn in the primary sector (-27,600). In the services-producing sector, most of the employment growth was in health care and social assistance (+69,900), business, building and other support services (+44,400), transportation and warehousing (+42,700) and professional, scientific and technical services (+37,900). In contrast, other services (-44,800) and public administration (-19,600) experienced the largest drops.

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyses and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is the statistical coordinator for Québec and the relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.


  • Marc-André Demers
    Labour Statistics Analyst
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6212
    Institut de la statistique du Québec
  • Information and Documentation Centre
    Phone: 418-691-2401
    or 1-800-463-4090 (toll free in Canada and the United States)
  • Twitter account: http://twitter.com/statquebec