Employment stable and unemployment down in November

Montréal, December 4, 2015 – In November, employment remained relatively stable in Québec (-4,000; -0.1%), but decreased in Canada (-35,700; -0.2%). There were 4,096,700 jobs in Québec and 17,986,800 in Canada. Employment was up in the goods sector (+11,100), but declined in the services sector (-15,100). The unemployment rate stood at 7.5% in Québec (-0.2 points) and dropped 0.1 points to 7.1% in Canada. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey1 made public today by Statistics Canada.

Québec records increase of 40,400 jobs in first eleven months of 2015

In the first eleven months of 2015, Québec saw a variation of 40,400 jobs (+1.0%) compared with the same period in 2014. In Canada, an increase of 153,300 jobs (+0.9%) was noted during this period, while in the United States,2 employment grew by 1.7% (+2,532,200). As for the employment rate, it rose by 0.3 points both in Québec and the United States and stood at 59.9% and 59.3% respectively during the first eleven months of 2015. In Canada, it dropped by 0.1 points to 61.3%.

During the same period, the labour force of Québec (+35,500) went up 0.8%, as did that of Canada (+149,300) and the United States (+1,202,000). The participation rate rose in Québec (+0.1 points) due to an increase of the labour force greater than that of the working-age population; however, it decreased 0.2 points in Canada and in the United States. The participation rate stood at 64.8%, 65.8% and 62.7% respectively in the first eleven months of 2015.

When comparing the first eleven months of 2015 to those of 2014, the number of unemployed people as gone down in Québec (-5000; -1.5%) and in the United States (-1,330,200; -13.7%); in Canada, the number of unemployed varied little (-4,100; -0.3%). During this period, the unemployment rate edged down in Québec (-0.2 points) and in the United States (-0.9 points) but remained stable in Canada. Québec’s unemployment rate stood at 7.6%, a rate higher than that of Canada (6.9%) and the United States (5.3%).

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time.

2. The United States data were taken from the Current Population Survey (CPS) – Household data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The concepts used in Canadian and American surveys differ. Among these differences, the CPS covers the civilian non-institutional population 16 years of age and over, whereas the EPA addresses the civilian non-institutional population 15 years of age and over.

Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


  • Marc-André Demers
    Labour Statistics Analyst
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6212
    Institut de la statistique du Québec
  • Information and Documentation Centre
    Phone: 418-691-2401
    or 1-800-463-4090 (toll free in Canada and the United States)
  • Twitter account: http://twitter.com/statquebec