Montréal, February 6, 2015 – In January, employment rose in both Québec (+ 16,000; + 0.4%) and Canada (+ 35,400; + 0.2%). This increase was only noted in part-time work (+ 20,400), as full-time work was little changed (– 4,400). Employment was up by 8,400 among men and by 7,500 among women. The increase mostly benefited workers aged 25 and over (+ 12,400), as those aged 15 to 24 (+ 3,500) only made modest gains. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.
Employment was up in the services sector (+ 25,600) but went down in the goods sector (– 9,600). The unemployment rate fell 0.1 points to 7.4% due to a larger increase in employment than in the labour force (in Canada: – 0.1 points; 6.6%). The employment rate increased 0.2 points to 59.7% (in Canada: + 0.1 points; 61.4%). The participation rate rose 0.2 points to 64.5% (in Canada: stable at 65.7%). On a regional level (three-month moving averages), the Mauricie region (+ 5,200) and Montréal (+ 4,200) recorded the strongest employment gains, while the largest declines were observed in Montérégie (– 5,300) and Laval (– 4,200). The Chaudière-Appalaches region (5.4%) had the lowest unemployment rate.
Employment little changed in the fourth quarter 2014
In the fourth quarter 2014, employment was little changed in Québec (+ 4,400; + 0.1%), after an increase of 12,600 jobs in the third quarter. Full-time work increased (+ 8,400), while part-time work declined (– 4,100). Men recorded employment gains (+ 16,400), while women registered losses (– 12,000). Regarding age groups, employment was down among persons aged 15 to 24 (– 7,100), but increased among those aged 25 to 54 (+ 7,700) and 55 and over (+ 3,800).
While the number of self-employed workers was down by 9,800, the number of employees rose by 14,200. Employment only increased in the private sector (+ 23,900), as it declined by 9,800 in the public sector.
In the fourth quarter 2014, employment was up in the goods sector (+ 13,000) but down in the services sector (– 8,600). The construction (+ 15,400) and accommodation and food services (+ 7,400) industries recorded the most significant employment gains. In contrast, the other services (– 12,000), manufacturing (– 7,000) and information, culture and recreation (– 6,900) industries posted the sharpest drops.
Compared with the third quarter, the number of people participating in the labour force fell by 8,700 in the fourth quarter of 2014. The unemployment rate in Québec declined by 0.3 points to 7.6%, but was still higher than that of Ontario (– 0.5 points to 6.9%) and Canada (– 0.3 points to 6.7%). The employment rate remained below 60% in Québec (– 0.1 points to 59.5%), while it stood at 61.4% in Canada and 61.0% in Ontario following an increase of 0.1 points. The participation rate declined by 0.2 points to 64.4% in Québec. It also decreased in Ontario (– 0.2 points to 65.6%) and Canada (– 0.1 points to 65.8%). In the fourth quarter, there were greater variations in employment in Ontario (+ 0.4%) and Canada (+ 0.4%) than in Québec (+ 0.1%).
1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »
Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.
- Jean-Marc Kilolo
Labour Statistics Analyst
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