Slight variation in employment and unemployment rate in December

Montréal, January 9, 2015 – In December, employment was little changed in both Québec (– 6,700; – 0.2%) and Canada
(– 4,300; 0.0%). Full-time work increased (+ 16,900), while part-time work declined (– 23,600) for the second consecutive month. Employment decreased among women (– 12,800; – 0.7%). In addition, employment was down among persons aged 15 to 24
(– 5,100), but remained relatively stable among those aged 25 and over (– 1,600). These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.

Employment was down by 19,800 in the services sector, but increased in the goods sector (+ 13,000). As for the unemployment rate, it was little changed (– 0.1 points to 7.5%), due to a slight decline in the labour force combined with stable employment (in Canada: stable at 6.6%). The employment rate decreased 0.1 points to 59.6% (in Canada: – 0.1 points to 61.5%). The participation rate was down 0.2 points to 64.4% (in Canada: – 0.1 points to 65.9%). On a regional level (three-month moving averages), Montréal (+ 7,400) recorded employment gains, while the other regions saw few variations. The Chaudière-Appalaches region (5.4%) had the lowest unemployment rate.

Employment little changed in Québec in 2014

A preliminary assessment for the year 2014 shows little variation in employment in Québec (– 2,300; – 0.1%), as opposed to the year 2013 when employment was up by 47,800 (+ 1.2%). In total, 4,029,900 people were employed in 2014. This slight variation in employment was due to the loss of 33,400 full-time jobs (– 1.0%) which was offset by growth in part-time work (+ 31,100,
+ 4.0%). Employment declined among men (– 13,600) but rose among women (+ 11,400). Employment fell among workers aged 15 to 24 (– 6,300), but increased among those aged 25 and over (+ 3,900). The employment rate dropped 0.5 points to 59.8%.

In 2014, the Québec labour force remained stable (+ 2,000; 0.0%). The participation rate stood at 64.8%, down 0.4 points compared with 2013. The number of unemployed increased by 4,300 (+ 1.3%). The unemployment rate was 7.7% (+ 0.1 points).

Employment declined by 7,800 in the goods sector, but increased by 5,600 in the services sector. The decline was only felt in payroll employment in 2014 (– 15,500; – 0.4%), more specifically in the private sector (– 37,300; – 1.4%), as the public sector gained 21,800 jobs (+ 2.5%). Self-employment rose by 13,200 (+ 2.5%).

At the end of January, Statistics Canada will publish revised estimates for the years 2001 to 2014. The Institut will publish its annual review of the labour market from these revised data before the end of the first quarter 2015.

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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