Employment stable and unemployment rate up in May

Montréal, June 5, 2015 – In May, employment remained stable in Québec (-2,100; -0.1%), but increased in Canada (+58,900; +0.3%). Part-time work was up (+13,700), while full-time work was down (-15,800). Employment declined among women (-7,600) but rose among men (+5,500). However, employment was little changed among the various age groups. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada.

Overall, employment was little changed in both the services- and the goods-producing sectors. The participation rate rose 0.1 points to 65.1% (in Canada: +0.1 points to 65.9%). The employment rate edged down 0.1 points to 60.1% (in Canada: +0.1 points to 61.4%). Since the labour force increased more than employment, the unemployment rate rose 0.2 points to 7.6%; in Canada, it was stable at 6.8%.

On a regional level (three-month moving averages), employment was up in the regions of Capitale-Nationale (+5,100) and Montréal (+4,600), while Laval lost 7,800 jobs. The lowest unemployment rates were seen in the Chaudière-Appalaches (4.3%) and Capitale-Nationale (4.4%) regions.

Both full-time and part-time work up since December 2014

Since December 2014, 47,700 jobs were added to the Québec labour market. There were gains in full-time work (+32,000) and part-time work (+15,700). Full-time employment increased among both men (+15,700) and women (+16,300). Likewise, part-time work rose among women (+9,800) and men (+5,900). An analysis by age group shows that employment grew mostly among persons aged 25 to 54 (+32,800) and those aged 15 to 24 (+10,800); it was little changed among those aged 55 and over.

Compared with December 2014, 59,100 persons—32,900 men and 26,200 women—have joined the labour force. The unemployment rate has changed little (+0.1 points). Among men, the unemployment rate has increased by 0.4 points to 8.5%, while the rate among women has remained similar to that observed at the start of the period (-0.1 points to 6.7%).

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


  • Marc-André Demers
    Labour Statistics Analyst
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6212
    Institut de la statistique du Québec
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