Employment up and unemployment rate down in April

Montréal, May 8, 2015 – In April, employment was up in Québec (+11,700; +0.3%), but declined slightly in Canada (-19,700; -0.1%). This variation was due to an increase in full-time work (+38,600) combined with a decrease in part-time work (-26,900). The change in employment was similar for both women (+5,700) and men (+6,000). Employment rose among workers aged 25 and over (+13,100) and remained stable among youth aged 15 to 24. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.

Employment rose in the services-producing sector (+11,600) but remained stable in the goods-producing sector. The participation rate grew 0.1 points to 65.0% (in Canada: -0.1 points; 65.8%), while the employment rate edged up 0.2 points to 60.2% (in Canada: -0.1 points; 61.3%). Since the labour force grew less than employment, the unemployment rate declined 0.1 points to 7.4%. In Canada, it remained stable at 6.8%.

On a regional level (three-month moving averages), employment was little changed in the various regions of Québec. The Chaudière-Appalaches (4.6%), Capitale-Nationale (5.2%) and Laval (5.6%) regions posted the lowest unemployment rates.

Self-employment down in April

In April 2015, employment in Québec was divided between 3,548,000 employees and 562,900 self-employed workers. The latter accounted for 13.7% of total workers. With 2,657,400 workers, the private sector comprised three quarters of employees, while there were 890,600 workers in the public sector. Total employment growth in April 2015 was limited to employees (+19,200), as 7,500 jobs were lost among self-employed workers. Among employees, the results differed between the private and public sector. The number of jobs in the private sector increased by 18,900, but it remained stable in the public sector.

In the past 12 months, both the number of self-employed workers (+3,600; +0.6%) and employees (+65,000; +1.9%) increased. Over this period, most of the employment growth among salaried employees was in the private sector (+55,900; +2.1%), but there were also gains in the public sector (+9,100; +1.0%).

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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