Interregional migration in Québec in 2013-2014: Montréal losses reduced, while losses from regions remote from large centres increased

Québec, March 10, 2015 – About 193,000 people changed their administrative region of residence between July 1, 2013 and July 1, 2014, i.e. 2.4% of the Québec population. Montréal again posted losses in its migratory exchanges with the other regions, but its losses declined for a fourth consecutive year: –15,000 people in 2013-2014 (–0.80% of its population), compared with –23,600 in 2009-2010 (–1.28%). These results are from the bulletin Coup d’œil sociodémographique, issue 37, released today by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.

The regions adjacent to Montréal—Laval, Lanaudière, Laurentides and Montérégie—continued to be favoured in terms of interregional migrations. Relatively speaking, the Laurentides region experienced the highest gains, with a net interregional migration rate of 0.77% in 2013-2014. However, the decline in the number of people from Montréal reduced the gains in all the adjacent regions, particularly in Lanaudière and Laval. In Lanaudière, the net interregional migration rate slipped from 0.94% in 2009-2010 to 0.52% in 2013-2014. In Laval, it dropped from 0.79% to only 0.18%.

The regions more remote from the large centres were all losers in their internal migratory exchanges in 2013-2014. The losses were relatively low in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region (–0.12%), the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region (–0.12%) and the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region (–0.20%). They were larger in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region (–0.39%) and in the Nord-du-Québec region (–0.68%). However, it was the Côte-Nord region that experienced the heaviest loss. Its net interregional migration rate was –0.96%, a migratory loss of 915 people. The losses had been much smaller in the five preceding years. In 2013-2014, the region experienced a major increase in the number of people leaving, as well as a considerate reduction in the number of people coming in.

On the regional county municipality (RCM) scale, Mirabel, in the Laurentides region, posted the best migratory balance in 2013-2014, with a net internal migration rate of 2.78%. A number of RCMs located on the outskirts of Montréal, Longueuil, Québec, Lévis and Gatineau also made substantial gains. In contrast, the Caniapiscau RCM, in the Côte-Nord region, had the highest migratory losses in relative terms (–2.82%). In addition, all the other Côte-Nord RCMs showed a migratory deficit in 2013-2014. The same was true of all the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine and Nord-du-Québec RCMs.

Additional data on interregional migration in 2013-2014, including data by age group, are available on the Institut website.

Internal migration is a major component of the demographic balance of the administration regions and the RCMs. However, other components act to vary the size of their populations. These components are natural growth, i.e. the difference between births and deaths, and interprovincial and international migrations. In some regions, like Montréal and Nord-du-Québec, net interregional migration is negative, but the population continues to increase, since other growth factors compensate for the internal migratory losses.


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