Montréal, March 31, 2015 – In 2013, nearly 50% of employees working in enterprises with 200 or more employees were eligible to receive a bonus based on their own performance and/or that of the enterprise (variable pay). A little under 4 out of 10 employees actually received a bonus (8.5% of their salary on average) under a variable pay program.
In private enterprises, 55.6% of employees were eligible for a variable pay plan, which is well above the rate observed in government business enterprises (24.3%). There were also more private sector workers who received a bonus (44.1% vs. 21.2%). In addition, the average cost of bonuses as a percentage of the salary was higher in private enterprises than in government business enterprises (8.9% vs. 6.4%).
In the private sector, non-unionized employees were more likely to be eligible for a variable pay program (71.2% vs. 28.0%) and to benefit from such a program (54.1% vs. 26.3%) than unionized employees.
There were also significant differences between position levels. For instance, 6 out of 10 managers received a bonus representing 14.5% of their salary on average, whereas only 4 out of 10 technical workers received a bonus corresponding to 6.8% of their salary.
This information is taken from the report La rémunération variable dans les entreprises de 200 employés et plus au Québec. Résultats de l’Enquête sur la rémunération globale au Québec. Collecte 2013 produced by the Institut de la statistique du Québec. This publication highlights the types of variable pay plans offered in large government and private enterprises, the number of employees concerned and the costs of these plans.
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- Marc-André Demers
Labour Statistics Analyst
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- Nadège Jean
Coordinator, compensation studies
Phone: 514 876-4384, Ext. 6224
- Sylvain Carrier
Phone: 418-691-2403, Ext. 3329
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