Employment and unemployment remain stable in October

Montréal, November 6, 2015 – In October, employment in Québec varied little (-5,600; -0.1%), but increased in Canada (+44,400; +0.2%). There were 4,100,700 jobs in Québec and 18,022,500 in Canada. The unemployment rate remained unchanged at 7.7% in Québec, but dropped 0.1 points to 7.0% in Canada. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.

Employment held steady both in the services sector and the goods sector.

Over the last twelve months, Québec recorded a variation of 47,200 jobs (+1.2%), compared to 143,400 (+0.8%) for Canada.

Four administrative regions post increases in employment over the last twelve months

Variation in employment (three-month moving averages) from October 2014 to October 2015 differed between administrative regions. Four regions recorded employment gains, four saw losses, and eight were relatively stable. The Montréal region stood out with an increase of 38,900 jobs, while the Capitale-Nationale (+20,100), Laurentides (+15,900) and Outaouais (+12,300) regions also posted increases. On the other hand, the Laval region (-31,700) saw the largest drop. There was also a decline in employment in Chaudière-Appalaches (-6,600), Abitibi-Témiscamingue (-5,900) and Estrie (-4,700).

Compared with the same month of 2014, the unemployment rate in October 2015 decreased in four administrative regions, namely Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine (-2.6 points to 13.7%), Laurentides (-1.7 points to 5.0%), Outaouais (-1.0 points to 7.3%), and Capitale-Nationale (-0.8 points to 4.8%). In contrast, the unemployment rate was up in the combined Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec regions (+2.8 points to 10.1%) and Laval (+3.6 points to 10.2%).

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


  • Marc-André Demers
    Labour Statistics Analyst
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6212
    Institut de la statistique du Québec
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