Employment stable and unemployment rate down in September

Montréal, October 9, 2015 – In September, employment was little changed in Québec (+11,100; +0.3%) as well as in Canada (+12,000; +0.1%). The number of jobs stood at 4,106,300 in Québec and at 17,978,100 in Canada. The unemployment rate was 7.7% (-0.3 points) in Québec compared to 7.1% (+0.1 points) in Canada. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada1.

Employment was up slightly in the services sector (+13,800), but remained stable in the goods sector (-2,700).

Over the past 12 months, employment increased by 46,700 (+1.2%) in Québec and by 161,200 (+0.9%) in Canada.

Employment stable in the third quarter

In the third quarter of 2015, employment remained stable in Québec (+1,200; 0.0%). There was little change in full-time (-2,000) and part-time work (+3,200). Employment increased by 29,600 in the first quarter of 2015 and by 8,300 in the second quarter.

In the third quarter of 2015, employment declined in the goods-producing sector (-11,300; -1.3%) but increased in the services-producing sector (+12,400; +0.4%).

Between the second and third quarter of 2015, employment stalled in Québec and in Ontario (+0.1%), but rose slightly in Canada (+0.2%).

Compared with the second quarter, Québec’s unemployment rate was little changed in the third quarter of 2015 (+0.1 points to 7.8%). This rate is higher than that of Ontario (+0.1 points to 6.7%) and Canada (+0.1 points to 6.9%). The employment rate remained unchanged in Québec (59.9%), Ontario (-0.1 points to 60.8%) and Canada (61.3%). The participation rate remained the same in Québec (64.9%), Ontario (65.2%) and Canada (65.8%).

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


  • Marc-André Demers
    Labour Statistics Analyst
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6212
    Institut de la statistique du Québec
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