Employment stable and unemployment rate up in August

Montréal, September 4, 2015 – In August, employment remained stable in Québec (-2,000; 0.0%) and in Canada (+12,000; +0.1%). In total, 4,095,200 people in Québec and 17,966,000 in Canada were employed. The unemployment rate stood at 8.0% (+0.3 point) in Québec compared to 7.0% (+0.2 point) in Canada. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec based on the results of the Labour Force Survey made public today by Statistics Canada.

Employment was little changed in both the services-producing sector and the goods producing sector in August 2015.

Over the past twelve months, employment increased by 40,000 (+1.0%) in Québec and by 193,300 (+1.1%) in Canada1.

Student summer employment (average non-seasonally adjusted monthly data for July and August 2015 compared to those for 2014)

During the summer 2015 (July and August), 323,100 students were employed (persons aged 15 to 24 who were attending school full-time in March and planned to go back to school in the fall). Student summer employment was distributed between part-time (174,500) and full-time (148,700) jobs. There were 178,800 women and 144,400 men employed. The largest number of students employed was in the 17 to 19 (125,800) and 20 to 24 (152,300) age groups, with 45,200 students employed in the 15 to 16 age group.

Compared with the summer 2014, employment was down among students (-12,200; -3.6%). This decline only affected women (-20,600), as men registered gains (+8,500). Both part-time (-8,400) and full-time work (-3,800) declined. An analysis by age group reveals that employment was down by 16,400 among youth aged 17 to 19 and by 6,900 among those aged 15 to 16, while it increased by 11,200 among youth aged 20 to 24.

Compared with the months of July and August 2014, the student employment rate was down 1.0 points to 59.2%. The participation rate increased by 1.3 points to 70.0%. As for the unemployment rate, it was up 3.1 points to 15.5%.

1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »


Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


  • Marc-André Demers
    Labour Statistics Analyst
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    Institut de la statistique du Québec
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