Labour market continues to improve in most RCMs

Québec, April 7, 2016 – Between 2009 and 2014, the number of workers increased in 80 out of 104 regional county municipalities (RCMs). Over that period, labour market conditions improved in all RCMs of Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Lanaudière and Centre-du-Québec. The strongest growth was observed in the outlying areas of Montréal and Québec. The rate of workers rose faster among women than men, particularly in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region. Those are among the main findings of the annual publication Bulletin Flash. Évolution du marché du travail dans les MRC released today on the website of the Institut de la statistique du Québec.

Ongoing growth on the outskirts of large urban centres and in mining regions

Ranking first among RCMs that benefited from substantial growth in employment, Mirabel stood out with a 24.3% increase of its number of workers between 2009 and 2014. The best performances were observed in the areas located on the outskirts of Montréal and Québec that experienced strong demographic growth, including Montcalm (14.8%) and La Rivière-du-Nord (21.1%) near Montréal, and La Jacques-Cartier (19.1%) and Portneuf (11.5%) near Québec. The number of workers also rose considerably in the supralocal regions that benefited from the development of the mining industry over that period, such as the Fjord-du-Saguenay, Abitibi-Ouest, Abitibi and La Vallée-de-l’Or RCMs.

Strong increase in the rate of female workers in Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean

Between 2009 and 2014, out of all Québec RCMs, Fjord-du-Saguenay registered the strongest increase in the rate of female workers, up by 7.3 percentage points. This was due to significantly higher growth in the number of employed women than in the number of female taxfilers.

Large drop in employment in Manicouagan

After declining for the tenth consecutive year, the number of workers continued to fall in Manicouagan, decreasing from 13,212 in 2009 to 12,269 in 2014, a 7.1% drop. The decline was mostly felt among men, but did not spare women.

Employment income up in Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine RCMs

Still from 2009 to 2014, the median employment income of Gaspésie and Îles-de-la-Madeleine residents rose faster than the provincial average in all RCMs of the region. Increases of more than 20% were recorded in the Rocher-Percé, Haute-Gaspésie, Bonaventure and Les-Îles-de-la-Madeleine RCMs. At the same time, the region still ranked last in terms of its rate of workers. Of the six RCMs of the region, five were among the ten RCMs with the lowest rates of workers in Québec.

Income inequalities between men and women tend to diminish

Since income grew more among women than men, the gender pay gap narrowed slightly between 2009 and 2014. In most RCMs, income increased faster among women who reported employment income than among their male counterparts. In certain RCMs, such as Saguenay, income growth was over 9 percentage points higher among women than men.


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.


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