Montréal, February 5, 2016 – In January, employment remained stable in Québec (-3,200; -0.1%) and in Canada (-5,700; 0.0%). In Québec, the unemployment rate was down 0.3 points to 7.6% due to a decline in labour force participation. In Canada, it increased by 0.1 points to 7.2%. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey1 made public today by Statistics Canada.
Employment was little changed in both the goods-producing sector (+6,800) and the services-producing sector (-10,000).
Compared with January 2015, employment rose by 30,500 (+0.7%) in Québec, and by 125,500 (+0.7%) in Canada as a whole.
Employment stable in the fourth quarter of 2015
As in the third quarter (+2,300, +0.1%), employment remained relatively stable in Québec (+3,300; +0.1%) in the fourth quarter 2015. There was little change in full-time (+5,900) and part-time work (-2,600). In the first and second quarters, employment rose by 26,000 and 8,000 respectively.
Employment was little changed in both the goods-producing sector (+2,000; +0.2%) and the services-producing sector (+1,300; +0.0%) in the fourth quarter of 2015.
As was the case in Québec, there was little change in employment in Ontario (+0.2%) and in Canada (+0.2%) between the third and the fourth quarter of 2015.
Compared with the third quarter, the unemployment rate in Québec declined in the fourth quarter of 2015 (-0.2 points to 7.6%). This rate was higher than that of Ontario (+0.1 points to 6.8%) and Canada (+0.1 points to 7.1%). The employment rate was down -0.1 points in all three regions and stood at 59.8% in Québec, 60.7% in Ontario and 61.2% in Canada. The participation rate was 64.8% in Québec (-0.1 points), while it remained stable at 65.2% in Ontario and 65.9% in Canada.
1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »
Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.
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