Population aging more pronounced in small municipalities

Québec, February 10, 2016 – According to the latest municipality population estimates, the province of Québec had 10 municipalities with populations greater than 100,000 on July 1, 2015. These municipalities accounted for less than 1% of all 1,287 municipalities and territories of the province, but comprised nearly half of the Québec population (47.8%). Municipalities with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants accounted for nearly 86% of Québec municipalities. Territories with fewer than 1,000 inhabitants represented nearly half of municipalities, but only comprised 3.4% of the Québec population.

The age structure by population size shows that in 2015, small municipalities had an older demographic profile that larger municipalities. The mean age in municipalities with fewer than 1,000 inhabitants was 44.5 years, compared with 41.0 years for those with populations greater than 100,000, a difference of 3.5 years. The mean age for Québec as a whole was 41.7 years. A second indicator showed similar results: the proportion of persons aged 65 and over in the population was 20.7% in municipalities with fewer than 1,000 inhabitants and 16.6% in municipalities with populations greater than 100,000. Province-wide, this proportion stood at 17.6%.

Since 2005, municipalities with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants, and particularly those with fewer than 1,000 inhabitants, have seen their population age faster than larger municipalities: the mean age in municipalities with fewer than 1,000 inhabitants surged by nearly 4 years (40.6 years in 2005 vs. 44.5 in 2015), while it increased by 1.5 years in municipalities with populations greater than 100,000 (39.5 vs. 41.0).

These results come from issue No. 45 of the bulletin Coup d’œil sociodémographique published today by the Institut de la statistique du Québec. Several data tables on the population of municipalities, regional county municipalities, administrative regions and census metropolitan areas are also available.

 


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyses and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is the statistical coordinator for Québec and the relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

Sources:

  • Dominique André
    Demographer
    Phone: 418-691-2406, Ext. 3225

  • Information and Documentation Centre
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    or 1-800-463-4090 (toll free in Canada and the United States)
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