Employment up and unemployment rate declined in May

Montréal, June 10, 2016 – In May, employment was up in Québec (+21,600;+0.5%), but remained stable in Canada (+13,800;+0.1%). The unemployment rate dropped in both Québec (-0.4 points to 7.1%) and Canada (-0.2 points to 6.9%). These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey1 made public today by Statistics Canada.

Employment rose in both the goods-producing (+12,600) and services-producing (+9,000) sectors.

Compared with May 2015, employment varied by 18,200 in Québec (+0.4%) and rose by 108,500 in Canada as a whole (+0.6%).

Full-time employment increasing since December 2015

Since December 2015, there were 12,400 more jobs on the Québec labour market. This low variation masks the growth of 54,400 full-time jobs and the loss of 42,000 part-time jobs. This full-time progression was only observed among women (+60,800).

This analysis by age group revealed that employment rose among those aged 25–54 (+39,800), but dropped among those aged 15–24 (-24,700), with little variation among those aged 55 and over (-2,600). The breakdown by age group studied was as follows. Among those aged 25–54, employment was up for women (+45,700), though there was little variation for men (-6,000). Among those aged 15–24, the drop affected women in particular (-18,200), while among those aged 55 or over, the employment rate barely fluctuated for both men (+4,000) and women (-6,600).

Compared with December 2015, labour force participation dropped by 24,400 (21,800 men and 2,700 women). This drop affected those aged 15–24 (-19,400) and those aged 55 or over (-14,900). A rise was observed among those aged 25–54 (+9,800).

Since December 2015, the employment rate dropped nearly 1 percentage point (-0.8 points). This drop was observed among both women (-1.1 percentage points to 5.7%) and men (-0.5 percentage points to 8.3%). By age group, the unemployment rate dropped by about 1 point among those aged 25–54 (-1.1 points; 5.8%) and those aged 55 and over (-1.2 points; 6.2%). The employment rate increased for those aged 15–24 (+1.3 points to 14.2%).


1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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