Panorama des régions: How are Québec’s regions doing?

Québec, June 28, 2016 – Demographic, educational, health, employment, cultural and economic activity indicators can vary significantly from one region to the next. It is essential to look beyond the Québec averages and focus on smaller areas within the province to obtain a more detailed and precise view of the socio-economic situation of a particular region. Based on the most recent regional data available, the Institut de la statistique du Québec has published the Panorama des régions du Québec, édition 2016 on its website today. This publication analyzes, compares and illustrates the evolution of Québec’s 17 administrative regions. We have learned that:

  • The overall positive growth experienced by the Lanaudière and Laval regions was such that the two were ranked among the highest for several socioeconomic indicators. For both of these regions:
    • The growth of the GDP exceeded that of Québec as a whole in 2014.
    • Employment increased between 2005 and 2015.
    • They had among the highest demographic growth in Québec.
    • Government transfers per capita were among the lowest in the province, given the regions’ employment performance and relatively young population.
    • The value of non-residential building permits shot up in 2015.
    • Laval had the second-highest hotel occupancy rate in the province, after Montréal.
    • Lanaudière experienced the third highest increase in the number of museum visitors between 2011 and 2015.

  • The Montréal region experienced sustained and diversified growth:
    • In addition to posting one of the highest demographic rates, this was the only region with accelerated growth between 2011 and 2015.
    • The region posted the highest increase in disposable income per capita.
    • In 2014, the GDP went up at a rate higher than that for Québec as a whole.
    • Public and private sector capital expenditures attained $11.6 billion, an amount still unmatched today.
    • The largest proportion of university graduates in Québec was, by far, concentrated in the Montréal region.
    • However, the unemployment rate (10.5% in 2015) and the rate of low-income families in Montréal were among the highest in Québec.

  • Contrasts persisted in the Nord-du-Québec region:
    • In addition to experiencing the strongest economic growth in 2014, this region had, by far, the highest GDP per capita: $86,600.
    • In 2015, this region also led in mining investments and mineral shipment value.
    • However, this region also had the highest rate of low-income families, and this rate increased from 2012 to 2013.

  • A spectacular increase in the number of individuals being awarded a bachelor’s degree was observed in the Outaouais, Laurentides and Montérégie regions. Following a drop in the number of new bachelor degree recipients in 2012, the graduation rate rebounded in 2013. This increase was particularly high (about 20%) in the three regions mentioned above.
  • Electrical vehicle transport was starting to be developed predominantly in the outskirts of major urban centres. Even if electrical vehicle transport remains marginal in Québec, 2015 data indicate that the Montérégie, Lanaudière, Laurentides and Capitale-Nationale regions had the highest ratios of electrical vehicles per 10 000 residents.

Statistics by regional county municipality (RCM)
This publication also includes a special section on three key RCM indicators: population, disposable income per capita and rate of workers. An analysis of the evolution of these indicators revealed that significant disparities may exist among RCMs in the same region.


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.


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