Employment and unemployment rate remained unchanged in April

Montréal, May 6, 2016 – In April, employment remained stable in Québec (+1,800; 0.0%) and in Canada (-2,100; 0.0%). The unemployment rate was also unchanged at 7.5% in Québec and 7.1% in Canada. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec from the results of the Labour Force Survey1 made public today by Statistics Canada

Employment remained stable in the goods-producing sector (-2,600) and in the services-producing sector (+4,400).

Compared with April 2015, employment was little changed in Québec (-9,500; -0.2%), but increased by 144,000 in Canada as a whole (+0.8%).

Self-employment down compared with December 2015

In April 2016, the number of jobs in Québec stood at 4,100,400—3,557,500 employees and 542,900 self-employed workers. Three quarters of employees were in the private sector (2,679,000). The rest of employees (878,500) were in the public sector.

Employment remained stable among employees (+0.2%), as there was little change in both the private and the public sectors.

Compared to December 2015, payroll employment was little changed (+14,700; +0.4%). This small variation was due to growth in employment in the private sector (+26,700; +1.0%) combined with a decrease in the public sector (-12,000, -1.3%). As well, there were 23,900 fewer self-employed workers than in December 2015 (-4.2%).

Over the past 12 months, i.e. since April 2015, the number of self-employed workers (-19,300; -3.4%) declined, while the number of employees (+9,700; +0.3%) was little changed. Overall, employment remained stable among employees, as growth in the private sector (+22,400; +0.8%) was offset by a decline in the public sector (-12,700; -1.4%).

In Canada, there were 18,041,400 workers in April 2016, a number that has remained stable since March 2016 (-2,100). However, this stability in employment masked opposite trends among employees and self-employed workers. The number of employees was up by 22,800, while the number of self-employed worker dropped by 24,900. In Canada, self-employment accounted for 15.3% of total employment, compared to 13.2% in Québec.


1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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