In October, employment stable and the unemployment rate dropped

Montréal, November 4, 2016 – In October, employment was little changed in Québec (+3,200; +0.1%), though it increased in Canada (+43,900; +0.2%). The employment rate was down 0.1 points in Québec (6.8%) and remained stable in Canada for the third consecutive month (7.0%). These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec and based on the results of the Labour Force Survey1 made public today by Statistics Canada.

This employment stability was on account of growth in the goods-producing sector (+13,100) and a drop in the service-producing sector (–9,900).

Compared with October 2015, employment was up 69,800 in Québec (+1.7%) and 139,600 in Canada as a whole (+0.8%).

Compared with October 2015, employment increased in four of Québec’s administrative regions

From October 2015 to October 2016, change in employment (three month moving averages) varied by administrative region. Eight regions showed relative stability, four posted employment gains and four recorded losses. The regions of Montréal (+51,300), Laval (+19,000), Centre-du-Québec (+10,400) and Abitibi-Témiscamingue (+4,900) were those with the greatest gains. However, the following regions experienced a drop in employment: Montérégie (–19,900), Lanaudière (–9,700), the Outaouais (–6,300) and Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine (–2,100).

Compared with the same month in 2015, the October 2016 unemployment rate went down in five administrative regions: Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean (–2.9 points to 6.7%), Laval (–2.6 points to 7.4%), Montréal (–1.8 points to 8.7%), Mauricie (–1.5 points to 6.8%) and Lanaudière (–1.1 points to 7.2%). Conversely, the unemployment rate rose in Bas-Saint-Laurent (+1.5 points to 9.0%), though it varied little in the other regions.


1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


  • Marc-André Demers
    Labour Statistics Analyst
    Phone: 514-876-4384, Ext. 6212
    Institut de la statistique du Québec
  • Information and Documentation Centre
    Phone: 418-691-2401
    or 1-800-463-4090 (toll free in Canada and the United States)
  • Twitter account: