Employment and unemployment rate up in August

Montréal, September 9, 2016 – In August, employment increased in Québec (+21,900; +0.5%) and Canada (+26,200; +0.1%). The unemployment rate nudged up 0.1 points in both Québec (7.1%) and Canada (7.0%), following an increase in the number of labour market participants. These are the main findings of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec, drawn from the results of the Labour Force Survey1 made public today by Statistics Canada.

Employment was up in the services-producing sector (+20,600), though was little changed in the goods-producing sector (+1,300).

Compared with August 2015, employment varied by 33,600 in Québec (+0.8%) and 77,400 in Canada as a whole (+0.4%).

Compared with the summer of 2015, student employment was down

In the summer of 2016 (May, June, July and August), 283,400 students (those aged 15 to 24 who attended school full-time in March and intended to go back to school in the fall) held employment. Student summer work was split between part-time (177,900) and full-time (105,500) positions. There were 172,700 women who worked, compared to 110,800 men. An age-group analysis revealed that working students were mainly concentrated in the 17 to 19 (113,000) and 20 to 24 (138,300) age brackets. Only 32,200 students aged 15 to 16 years held jobs.

Compared with the summer of 2015, the number of working students decreased (–17,100; –5.7%). This drop was only evident among men (–18,900), since employment among women remained stable (+1,800). Both part-time (–12,300) and full-time (–4,800) employment were down. All age groups experienced a drop in employment.

Compared to the average for the months of May to August 2015, the student employment and labour force participation rates dropped, respectively, 2.3 and 3.4 points to 52.7% and 61.9%. The unemployment rate dipped 0.9 points to 14.9%.


1. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts.


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