Employment stable and the unemployment rate decreased in July

Montréal, August 4, 2017. – In July, there was little variation in employment in Québec (+ 4,700; + 0.1%) and Canada (+ 10,900; + 0.1%). At 5.8%, the unemployment rate for the first time fell below the 6.0% mark (– 0.2 points) in Québec since the beginning of the chronological series in 1976. It dropped by 0.2 points to 6.3% in Canada. This was drawn from an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec, which was based on the results of the Labour Force Survey.1

The rise of employment in the goods-producing sector (+ 11,200) is counterbalanced by the downturn in the services-producing sector (– 6,500).

Since July 2016, a variation of 124,300 jobs (+ 3.0%) has been observed in Québec, compared to 387,600 for Canada as a whole (+ 2.1%).

Increase in employment in professional, scientific and technical services, in public administration and in trade over the past twelve months

Compared to July 2016, employment has increased in Québec in the goods-producing sector (+ 28,300; + 3.4%) and in the services-producing sector (+ 96,000; + 2.9%). The most notable increases in net employment variations are observed in professional, scientific and technical services (+ 27,300), public administration (+ 24,700) and trade (+ 21,600). Employment growth is also recognized in information, culture and recreation (+ 15,100), finance, insurance, real estate and rental services (+ 11,500) and construction (+ 11,000). On the downside, employment shrank in accommodation and food services (– 19 700), business services, building and other support services (– 14,900) and health care and social assistance (– 10,200).

In Canada, as in Québec, employment has grown both in the services-producing sector (+ 306,000; + 2.2%) and in the goods-producing sector (+ 81,000; + 2.1%) over the past twelve months.  The biggest increases are observed in trade (+ 93,900), professional, scientific and technical services (+ 75,600), manufacturing (+ 53,000), health care and social assistance (+ 49,000) and public administration (+ 47,600). On the downside, a slight decline in employment is recognized in business services, building and other support services (– 19,500).


1. Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts. The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time.

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

– 30 –