Life expectancy in Quebec rose significantly in 2016

Québec, May 2, 2017. – Following a few years marked by peaks in influenza-related deaths, Quebec recorded a slight decrease in the number of deaths in 2016, which contrasts with the usual increase owing to the aging population. This translates into a marked increase in life expectancy at birth, which reached 80.8 years among men and 84.5 years among women. These results come from the article “La mortalité et l’espérance de vie au Québec en 2016,” published today by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.

Over the last year, life expectancy rose by 7 months for men and 4 months for women – almost double the average increase since 1996. This sharp increase partially makes up for the weak gains recorded between 2011 and 2015. Despite the exceptional increase in 2016, the average rate of increase since 2011 remains slightly under that observed over the fifteen previous years. Nonetheless, the life expectancy of Quebecers remains among the highest in the world.

The past decade saw a rise in the average lifespan due primarily to improved survival among the elderly, since gains after 60 years of age account for 69% of the life expectancy increase for men and 80% of that for women. In 2016, life expectancy at age 65 was 19.7 years among men and 22.5 years among women. That same year, 78% of men and 85% of women who died were 65 years of age or older. The number of seniors who die after the age of 100 continues to rise year after year and exceeded 750 in 2016.

Definition of life expectancy
The 2016 life expectancy is the number of years a person would live if he/she lived under the mortality conditions of 2016 for their entire lifetime. It does not represent the actual average lifespan of a child born in 2016, as that will depend on how mortality evolves in the future.


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

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