Employment stable and the unemployment rate increased in April

Montréal, May 5, 2017. – In April, employment remained stable in Québec (–3 800; –0.1%) and Canada (+3,200; 0.0%). The unemployment rate rose by 0.2 points to 6.6% in Québec, while it shrank by 0.2 points to 6.5% in Canada. This was drawn from an analysis of the employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec, which was based on the findings of the Labour Force Survey1.

Employment was little changed in either the service-producing (–6,000) or goods-producing (+2,200) sectors.

Compared with April 2016, employment in Québec varied by 88,000 (+2.1%), and by 275,700 in Canada as a whole (+1.5%).

Over the last twelve months, employment was up for employees and self-employed workers

In April 2017, the number of jobs in Québec stood at 4,190,100, of which 3,635,800 were employees and 554,300 self-employed workers. In the private sector, there were 2,730,900 employees, which accounted for three quarters of all employees. There were 905,000 employees in the public sector.

Employment remained stable in Québec in April 2017 for both self-employed workers and employees. There was very little employment variation among the latter in both the private and public sectors.

In December 2016, payroll employment shrank slightly (–13,900). This small variation was a result of private sector employment stability (+2,700) and a decrease in the public sector labour force (–16,500). There were 4,800 more self-employed workers than in December 2015.

Over the last twelve months (since April 2016), the number of self-employed workers (+9,600) and employees (+78,400) increased. The rise in employment among employees was attributable to both the private (+53,500) and public (+25,000) sectors.

In Canada, there were 18,311,200 jobs in April 2017, which was 275,700 more than in April 2016. This increase was observed among employees (+243 600) and self-employed workers (+32 200). The latter accounted for 15.2% of total employment, compared with 13.2% in Québec.


1. Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data disseminated by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts. « The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time. »

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

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