Among Québec enterprises with 200 or more employees, women in positions requiring university, college or high school proficiency level are not as well paid as their male counterparts

Montréal, March 7, 2017. – In 2015 among enterprises with 200 or more employees in Québec, about 815,840 regular full-time employees held positions of university, college or secondary school skill level. These positions were held as much by men as by women. For the professions considered, the average hourly salary for female regular full-time employees ($30.11) was lower than that for their male counterparts ($31.54), a difference unfavourable toward women estimated at $1.43. The average salary ratio between women and men was 95.5%. These findings were drawn from the bulletin Cap sur le travail et la rémunération, released today by the Institut de la statistique du Québec. The data used are taken from the 2015 Survey on Total Compensation in Québec (ERG).

According to different analyses, all the findings led to the conclusion that women were being disfavoured. This gap that was unfavourable toward women was higher in the private (–$3.47; 88.0% ratio) than the public (–$2.64; 92.6% ratio) sector. In the latter, this gap was lower in the Québec civil service (–$0.71; 97.8% ratio).

In all of the professions taken into consideration, about 6 out of 10 women work in the public sector, while 6 out of 10 men work in a private-sector enterprise with 200 or more employees. This explains why the rate of women in the public sector (61.5%) was much higher than that estimated in the private sector (38.6%). The proportion of women holding a profession requiring university training was estimated at 39.1% of the total workforce, while the proportion of men was about 28.5%.


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

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