Employment up and unemployment rate stable in October

Montréal, November 3, 2017. – Employment was up in Québec (+18,400; +0.4%) as well as in Canada (+35,300; +0.2%) in October. The unemployment rate was little changed in both Québec (+0.1 points to 6.1%) and Canada (+0.1 points to 6.3%). These are the main findings of an analysis of employment and labour force data published by the Institut de la statistique du Québec, based on the results of the Labour Force Survey.1

Employment growth was concentrated in the goods-producing sector (+19,900), while there was little change in the services-producing sector (-1,400).

Since October 2016, employment has risen by 66,500 (+1.6%) in Québec and by 308,100 (+1.7%) in Canada as a whole. The unemployment rate has declined by 0.6 points (-0.7 points in Canada).

Unemployment rate down in nine regions from October 2016

Over the past 12 months, changes in employment varied by administrative region (three-month moving averages). Overall, 3 regions registered job gains, while the 13 remaining regions showed relative stability. Similar to the province of Québec overall, the regions of Montérégie (+51,400), Lanaudière (+18,600) and Estrie (+5,900) posted employment gains.

Compared with the same months in 2016, the unemployment rate in 2017 increased in the Centre-du-Québec (+1.2 points to 6.7%), declined in nine administrative regions, and was little changed in the other regions. In the regions of Bas-Saint-Laurent (-3.1 points to 6.0%), Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec (-2.6 points to 6.5%), Chaudière-Appalaches (-2.8 points to 2.4%) and Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine (-2.2 points to 12.2%), the unemployment rate was down by more than two percentage points. It also declined in Outaouais (-1.9 points to 5.5%), Lanaudière (-1.6 points to 5.6%), Montérégie (-1.5 points to 4.2%), Abitibi-Témiscamingue (-1.4 points to 5.5%) and Estrie (-1.1 points to 5.0%).


1. Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec from data released by Statistics Canada. This document, available on the Institut’s website at 2 p.m., includes an in-depth analysis with tables and charts. The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample, and are thus subject to a certain variability that is all the more significant when these estimates are broken down by sex, age, region, industry, etc. Monthly estimates also show more variability than trends observed over longer periods of time.

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

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