Already rapid growth in the number of people living in collective dwellings accelerated in Québec between 2011 and 2016

Québec, February 6, 2018. – According to the 2016 Census, nearly 200,000 people were living in collective dwellings in Québec. This type of dwelling includes seniors’ residences, residential and long-term care centres, and prisons. In the context of aging demographics, the growth of this special needs population has accelerated, with an increase of 17% between 2011 and 2016, the strongest ever recorded based on the data available from 1971. By comparison, Québec’s population overall grew less than 4% over that period. These findings come from an article entitled La population en logement collectif au Québec en 2016, published today by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.

Given that nearly three-quarters of people in collective dwellings in Québec live in seniors’ residences and residential and long-term care centres, this population is characterized by a very old age structure and a large proportion of women (62%). At 39.1%, those aged 85 and over make up by far the largest age group in this population. Men form the majority before the age of 65, mainly because they are strongly overrepresented among the prison population. Over the age of 65, there are more women than men—up to 3 times as many in the 85 and over age group.

Of all the provinces in Canada, it is in Québec that the population in collective dwellings grew the most over the latest intercensal period. The proportion of people aged 70 and over living in collective dwellings (14.7%) is higher in Québec than in any other province. In 2016, this proportion was twice as high as in the rest of Canada for seniors aged 75 to 84 (12.8% vs. 6.5%). This specificity is mainly due to the Québec population’s higher propensity to live in seniors’ residences.


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for carrying out all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

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