Employment up and unemployment rate down in December 2019

Montréal, January 10, 2020. – Québec recorded an increase of 21,100 jobs (+0.5%) in December 2019 from November, while the unemployment rate dropped by 0.3 percentage points to 5.3%. These are the main findings of an analysis of the employment and labour force data released today by the Institut de la statistique du Québec, based on the results of Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey.1

Both full-time (+17,200) and part-time (+3,800) employment were up. The private sector (+12,500) and self-employed workers (+8,100) recorded an increase in employment, while the public sector (+400) remained stable. The participation rate (+0.1 points) and the employment rate (+0.3 points) rose to 64.8% and 61.4% respectively in December.

In Canada, employment rose in December (+35,200; +0.2%), while the unemployment rate fell 0.3 percentage points to 5.6%. Ontario (+25,100) and Québec (+21,100) posted the largest employment gains, while British Columbia (-7,700) posted the largest drop.

Employment in Québec in 2019

In 2019, employment in Québec increased by 77,700 (+1.8%) from 2018. Over this period, full-time and part-time employment rose by 49,700 and 28,000 respectively. Employment saw gains of 56,900 in the private sector and of 17,900 in the public sector, while self-employed workers increased by 3,000.  

For 2019 as a whole, the unemployment rate in Québec averaged 5.1% (5.7% in Canada), down 0.4% from the 2018 rate.

Note: Statistics Canada will publish its final employment data for 2019 at the end of January. Subsequently, in February, the Institut de la statistique du Québec will publish a full portrait of the evolution of Québec’s labour market in 2019.

 

Changes in employment and trend-cycle data, Québec, December 2018 to December 2019


Graph: Changes in employment and trend-cycle data, Québec, December 2018 to December 2019

Note: Trend-cycle data are a smoothed version of seasonally-adjusted data where the effects of irregular movements have been reduced. They are helpful in analyzing long-term changes in the data. A 13-period Dagum and Luati weighted moving average is applied symmetrically to each month of the seasonally adjusted series, except for the past six months, where asymmetric weighting is substituted for the Dagum and Luati averages. Data for the six most recent months (dashed line) are based on a preliminary estimation of the trend-cycle and may be revised when data for a new month are added. For more information: Trend-cycle estimates – Frequently asked questions. Fortier, Matthews and Gellatly. Statistics Canada.

Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, 2019. Adapted by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.

 

Changes in the unemployment rate, Québec, December 2018 to December 2019


Graph: Changes in the unemployment rate, Québec, December 2018 to December 2019

Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, 2019. Adapted by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.

 

1. Every month, the Institut de la statistique du Québec publishes the Résultats de l’Enquête sur la population active pour le Québec based on data released by Statistics Canada. This document is available on the Institut’s website at 2 p.m. The monthly estimates taken from the Labour Force Survey are based on a sample and are thus subject to a greater variability than trends observed over longer periods of time, particularly when these estimates are broken down by subcategory such as sex, age, region or industry.


The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for conducting all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

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