Statistical Table

Labour market characteristics, seasonally adjusted monthly data¹, Montréal and all of Québec, August 2019 to August 2020

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Montréal All of Region/
 Québec Québec ratio


k %

Labour force
August 20202 1,165.4 4,565.7 25.5
July 20203 1,153.9 4,501.1 25.6
June 20204 1,138.4 4,406.6 25.8
May 20205 1,132.0 4,391.8 25.8
April 20206 1,155.3 4,455.3 25.9
March 20207 1,184.1 4,556.6 26.0
February 2020 1,201.0 4,590.9 26.2
January 2020 1,204.1 4,587.6 26.2
December 2019 1,202.5 4,587.2 26.2
November 2019 1,201.1 4,591.9 26.2
October 2019 1,198.3 4,592.7 26.1
September 2019 1,197.7 4,584.7 26.1
August 2019 1,186.9 4,569.9 26.0
  
Number of employed
August 20202 992.2 4,125.5 24.1
July 20203 974.3 3,992.4 24.4
June 20204 958.0 3,800.4 25.2
May 20205 977.7 3,826.5 25.6
April 20206 1,036.6 4,023.0 25.8
March 20207 1,096.1 4,289.8 25.6
February 2020 1,117.1 4,364.8 25.6
January 2020 1,113.8 4,344.8 25.6
December 2019 1,110.6 4,345.0 25.6
November 2019 1,114.2 4,355.1 25.6
October 2019 1,114.2 4,368.5 25.5
September 2019 1,109.5 4,362.7 25.4
August 2019 1,097.3 4,348.0 25.2
  
Number of employed full-time
August 20202 808.4 3,390.5 23.8
July 20203 815.5 3,334.7 24.5
June 20204 809.0 3,222.7 25.1
May 20205 844.6 3,260.9 25.9
April 20206 870.8 3,365.4 25.9
March 20207 911.5 3,541.8 25.7
February 2020 911.8 3,557.3 25.6
January 2020 907.0 3,536.4 25.6
December 2019 905.0 3,530.1 25.6
November 2019 901.4 3,538.5 25.5
October 2019 896.1 3,548.7 25.3
September 2019 884.0 3,546.0 24.9
August 2019 877.8 3,533.9 24.8
  
Number of employed part-time
August 20202 183.8 735.0 25.0
July 20203 158.8 657.7 24.1
June 20204 149.0 577.7 25.8
May 20205 133.0 565.5 23.5
April 20206 165.8 657.6 25.2
March 20207 184.6 748.0 24.7
February 2020 205.3 807.5 25.4
January 2020 206.7 808.4 25.6
December 2019 205.7 815.0 25.2
November 2019 212.7 816.5 26.1
October 2019 218.1 819.8 26.6
September 2019 225.5 816.7 27.6
August 2019 219.5 814.1 27.0
  
Number of unemployed8
August 20202 173.2 440.2 39.3
July 20203 179.6 508.7 35.3
June 20204 180.4 606.2 29.8
May 20205 154.3 565.4 27.3
April 20206 118.7 432.3 27.5
March 20207 88.0 266.8 33.0
February 2020 83.9 226.1 37.1
January 2020 90.3 242.8 37.2
December 2019 91.9 242.2 37.9
November 2019 86.9 236.8 36.7
October 2019 84.1 224.2 37.5
September 2019 88.2 222.0 39.7
August 2019 89.6 221.9 40.4
  

Montréal All of Region/
 Québec Québec gap


% Percentage points

Participation rate
August 20202 65.1 64.1 1.0
July 20203 64.6 63.3 1.3
June 20204 63.8 62.0 1.8
May 20205 63.5 61.8 1.7
April 20206 65.0 62.7 2.3
March 20207 66.7 64.2 2.5
February 2020 67.8 64.8 3.0
January 2020 68.1 64.8 3.3
December 2019 68.1 64.8 3.3
November 2019 68.2 64.9 3.3
October 2019 68.1 65.0 3.1
September 2019 68.2 64.9 3.3
August 2019 67.7 64.8 2.9
  
Employment rate
August 20202 55.4 57.9 -2.5
July 20203 54.5 56.1 -1.6
June 20204 53.7 53.4 0.3
May 20205 54.9 53.8 1.1
April 20206 58.3 56.7 1.6
March 20207 61.8 60.5 1.3
February 2020 63.1 61.6 1.5
January 2020 63.0 61.3 1.7
December 2019 62.9 61.4 1.5
November 2019 63.2 61.6 1.6
October 2019 63.3 61.8 1.5
September 2019 63.2 61.8 1.4
August 2019 62.6 61.6 1.0
  
Unemployment rate
August 20202 14.9 9.6 5.3
July 20203 15.6 11.3 4.3
June 20204 15.8 13.8 2.0
May 20205 13.6 12.9 0.7
April 20206 10.3 9.7 0.6
March 20207 7.4 5.9 1.5
February 2020 7.0 4.9 2.1
January 2020 7.5 5.3 2.2
December 2019 7.6 5.3 2.3
November 2019 7.2 5.2 2.0
October 2019 7.0 4.9 2.1
September 2019 7.4 4.8 2.6
August 2019 7.5 4.9 2.6
  

1. The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates for administrative regions, seasonally adjusted by the Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), are published as three-month moving averages to smooth out irregular fluctuations due to small sample sizes. For more information, please refer to the document Quelques rappels concernant les moyennes mobiles sur trois mois (MM3M).
  
2. As in March, April, May, June and July, the effects of the COVID-19 crisis on the labour market in August must be interpreted with caution when analyzing LFS data.
  
The survey reference period for August is August 9 to 15. As a result, the effects on employment and unemployment of certain measures taken by the Québec government may have been measured by the survey. Such measures include the authorization to reopen offices at 25% capacity, which came into force on July 18.
  
It may also have been more difficult to correctly categorize individual labour force status according to the usual definitions of employment, unemployment and inactivity in this edition of the survey.
  
It will take a longer analysis period to be able to assess the trend effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Québec labour market. It should also be noted that the monthly data are based on a sample and are therefore subject to a certain amount of variability. Statistics Canada's The Daily provides detailed analyses of the pandemic's impact on the labour market in August 2020.
  
3. The survey reference period for July extends from July 12 to 18. Therefore, the effects on employment and unemployment of certain measures taken by the Québec government during this period were potentially measured by the survey, notably the reopening of restaurants in the Greater Montréal area, the resumption of indoor sports activities and the deconfinement of all sectors (except for festivals and large gatherings, summer camps with stays, and combat sports). Given that returning to work in offices has been permitted since July 18, the last day of the reference week, its impact is partly measured in this edition of the LFS. Thus, the accurate categorization of an individual's labour-force status according to the usual definitions of employment, unemployment and inactivity may have been more difficult in this edition of the survey. Statistics Canada's The Daily provides detailed analyses of the pandemic's impact on the labour market in July 2020.
  
4. The survey reference period for June is June 14 to 20. Therefore, the effects on employment and unemployment of certain measures taken by the Québec government during this period were potentially measured by the survey, including the reopening of restaurants (outside Montréal), childcare services, retail businesses, shopping centres, museums, libraries and other cultural venues, campgrounds, swimming pools, hair salons and other personal-care services, as well as the resumption of non-contact outdoor sports activities. Because the reopening of restaurants in the Greater Montréal area and the resumption of indoor sports activities took place on June 22, which is after the reference week, the effects are not measured in this edition of the LFS. Thus, the accurate categorization of an individual's labour-force status according to the usual definitions of employment, unemployment and inactivity may have been more difficult in this edition of the survey. Statistics Canada's The Daily provides detailed analyses of the pandemic's impact on the labour market in June 2020.
  
5. May 10 to 16 represents the survey reference period for May. Therefore, the effects on employment and unemployment of certain measures taken by the Québec government during this period were potentially measured by the survey, notably the reopening of elementary schools, childcare services and some stores outside the Greater Montréal area, as well as the gradual resumption of activity in the manufacturing and construction sectors as of May 11. Because the reopening of stores in the Greater Montréal area took place on May 25, which is after the reference week, its effects are therefore not measured in the May edition of the survey. Thus, the accurate categorization of an individual's labour-force status according to the usual definitions of employment, unemployment and inactivity may have been more difficult in this edition of the survey. Statistics Canada's The Daily provides detailed analyses of the pandemic's impact on the labour market in May 2020.
  
6. The survey reference period for April is April 12 to 18. The effects on employment and unemployment of certain measures taken by the Québec government during this period were therefore potentially measured by the survey, notably the resumption of activities of mining companies and summer businesses (landscaping, nurseries, garden centres and swimming pools) as of Wednesday, April 15.
  
Unlike the March edition, the April edition takes into account the effects of the cessation of non-essential activities announced on March 23. The adoption of support measures by the federal government (Canada Emergency Response Benefit, wage subsidies to businesses) may also have had an impact on the survey results in April. However, the impact of the addition of residential construction sites to the list of essential services and activities in Québec are not measured by the survey, since this addition came into effect on April 20, which is after the reference week. Thus, the accurate categorization of an individual's labour-force status according to the usual definitions of employment, unemployment and inactivity may have been more difficult in this edition of the survey. Statistics Canada's The Daily provides detailed analyses of the pandemic's impact on the labour market in April 2020.
  
7. Since the survey reference period for March extends from March 15 to 21, the effects of certain actions taken by the Québec government on employment and unemployment during this period were potentially measured by the survey. However, the effects of the suspension of non-essential activities announced on March 23 (after the LFS reference week) are not measured by the survey. In addition, some support measures announced by the federal government (Canada Emergency Response Benefit, wage subsidies for businesses), although retroactive to March 15, were not yet in place at the time of data collection. Thus, the accurate categorization of an individual's labour-force status according to the usual definitions of employment, unemployment and inactivity may have been more difficult in this edition of the survey. Statistics Canada's The Daily provides detailed analyses of the impact of COVID-19 on the labour market in March 2020.
  
8. The LFS defines unemployed persons as those who, during the reference week : 1- were on temporary layoff with an expectation of recall and were available for work; or 2- were without work, had looked for work in the past four weeks, and were available for work; or 3- had a new job to start within four weeks, and were available for work.
  
Source : Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, September 2020, Adapted by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.
 
September 4, 2020
   

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The data presented in this table is also available for consultation in the Databank of Official Statistics on Québec