Statistical Table

Labour market characteristics, seasonally adjusted monthly data¹, Laval and all of Québec, April 2019 to April 2020

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Laval All of Region/
 Québec Québec ratio


k %

Labour force
April 20202 218.6 4,455.3 4.9
March 20203 221.4 4,556.6 4.9
February 2020 222.0 4,590.9 4.8
January 2020 216.9 4,587.6 4.7
December 2019 217.8 4,587.2 4.7
November 2019 217.5 4,591.9 4.7
October 2019 219.1 4,592.7 4.8
September 2019 220.2 4,584.7 4.8
August 2019 225.4 4,569.9 4.9
July 2019 228.4 4,560.8 5.0
June 2019 233.6 4,559.2 5.1
May 2019 237.6 4,554.9 5.2
April 2019 242.7 4,555.4 5.3
  
Number of employed
April 20202 194.4 4,023.0 4.8
March 20203 208.4 4,289.8 4.9
February 2020 213.0 4,364.8 4.9
January 2020 208.2 4,344.8 4.8
December 2019 210.0 4,345.0 4.8
November 2019 210.2 4,355.1 4.8
October 2019 212.8 4,368.5 4.9
September 2019 213.4 4,362.7 4.9
August 2019 216.6 4,348.0 5.0
July 2019 218.0 4,335.7 5.0
June 2019 221.6 4,333.9 5.1
May 2019 225.6 4,326.2 5.2
April 2019 229.9 4,323.0 5.3
  
Number of employed full-time
April 20202 164.3 3,365.4 4.9
March 20203 170.8 3,541.8 4.8
February 2020 172.9 3,557.3 4.9
January 2020 168.0 3,536.4 4.8
December 2019 171.8 3,530.1 4.9
November 2019 173.8 3,538.5 4.9
October 2019 175.9 3,548.7 5.0
September 2019 173.4 3,546.0 4.9
August 2019 172.7 3,533.9 4.9
July 2019 170.8 3,523.7 4.8
June 2019 171.6 3,517.3 4.9
May 2019 174.0 3,507.8 5.0
April 2019 177.9 3,504.3 5.1
  
Number of employed part-time
April 20202 30.1 657.6 4.6
March 20203 37.6 748.0 5.0
February 2020 40.1 807.5 5.0
January 2020 40.2 808.4 5.0
December 2019 38.2 815.0 4.7
November 2019 36.4 816.5 4.5
October 2019 37.0 819.8 4.5
September 2019 40.0 816.7 4.9
August 2019 43.9 814.1 5.4
July 2019 47.1 812.0 5.8
June 2019 50.0 816.6 6.1
May 2019 51.6 818.4 6.3
April 2019 52.0 818.7 6.4
  
Number of unemployed4
April 20202 24.2 432.3 5.6
March 20203 13.0 266.8 4.9
February 2020 9.0 226.1 4.0
January 2020 8.8 242.8 3.6
December 2019 7.8 242.2 3.2
November 2019 7.3 236.8 3.1
October 2019 6.3 224.2 2.8
September 2019 6.8 222.0 3.1
August 2019 8.8 221.9 4.0
July 2019 10.4 225.1 4.6
June 2019 12.1 225.3 5.4
May 2019 12.0 228.7 5.2
April 2019 12.8 232.4 5.5
  

Laval All of Region/
 Québec Québec gap


% Percentage points

Participation rate
April 20202 58.9 62.7 -3.8
March 20203 59.7 64.2 -4.5
February 2020 59.9 64.8 -4.9
January 2020 58.6 64.8 -6.2
December 2019 58.9 64.8 -5.9
November 2019 58.9 64.9 -6.0
October 2019 59.4 65.0 -5.6
September 2019 59.8 64.9 -5.1
August 2019 61.3 64.8 -3.5
July 2019 62.2 64.7 -2.5
June 2019 63.7 64.7 -1.0
May 2019 64.8 64.7 0.1
April 2019 66.3 64.8 1.5
  
Employment rate
April 20202 52.3 56.7 -4.4
March 20203 56.2 60.5 -4.3
February 2020 57.5 61.6 -4.1
January 2020 56.3 61.3 -5.0
December 2019 56.8 61.4 -4.6
November 2019 56.9 61.6 -4.7
October 2019 57.7 61.8 -4.1
September 2019 57.9 61.8 -3.9
August 2019 58.9 61.6 -2.7
July 2019 59.3 61.5 -2.2
June 2019 60.4 61.5 -1.1
May 2019 61.6 61.5 0.1
April 2019 62.8 61.5 1.3
  
Unemployment rate
April 20202 11.1 9.7 1.4
March 20203 5.9 5.9 0.0
February 2020 4.1 4.9 -0.8
January 2020 4.0 5.3 -1.3
December 2019 3.6 5.3 -1.7
November 2019 3.4 5.2 -1.8
October 2019 2.9 4.9 -2.0
September 2019 3.1 4.8 -1.7
August 2019 3.9 4.9 -1.0
July 2019 4.6 4.9 -0.3
June 2019 5.2 4.9 0.3
May 2019 5.1 5.0 0.1
April 2019 5.3 5.1 0.2
  

1. The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates for administrative regions, seasonally adjusted by the Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), are published as three-month moving averages to smooth out irregular fluctuations due to small sample sizes. For more information, please refer to the document Quelques rappels concernant les moyennes mobiles sur trois mois (MM3M).
  
2. For the month of April, the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the labour market should be interpreted with caution in the analysis of the LFS results. The survey reference period for April is April 12 to 18. The effects on employment and unemployment of certain measures taken by the Québec government during this period were therefore potentially measured by the survey, notably the resumption of activities of mining companies and summer businesses (landscaping, nurseries, garden centres and swimming pools) as of Wednesday, April 15.
  
Unlike the March edition, the April edition takes into account the effects of the cessation of non-essential activities announced on March 23. The adoption of support measures by the federal government (Canada Emergency Response Benefit, wage subsidies to businesses) may also have had an impact on the survey results in April. However, the impact of the addition of residential construction sites to the list of essential services and activities in Québec are not measured by the survey, since this addition came into effect on April 20, which is after the reference week.
  
The correct categorization of a person's labour force status according to the usual definitions of employment, unemployment and inactivity may have been more difficult in this edition of the survey.
  
A longer analysis period is necessary to assess the trend effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Québec labour market. It should also be noted that the monthly data are based on a sample and are therefore subject to a certain amount of variability. Statistics Canada's The Daily provides detailed analyses of the pandemic's impact on the labour market in April 2020.
  
3. In March, the labour market effects of the COVID-19 outbreak should be interpreted with caution when analyzing the results of the LFS. Since the survey reference period for March extends from March 15 to 21, the effects of certain actions taken by the Québec government on employment and unemployment during this period were potentially measured by the survey. However, the effects of the suspension of non-essential activities announced on March 23 (after the LFS reference week) are not measured by the survey. In addition, some support measures announced by the federal government (Canada Emergency Response Benefit, wage subsidies for businesses), although retroactive to March 15, were not yet in place at the time of data collection. Thus, the accurate categorization of an individual's labour-force status according to the usual definitions of employment, unemployment and inactivity may have been more difficult in this edition of the survey. Statistics Canada's The Daily provides detailed analyses of the impact of COVID-19 on the labour market in March 2020.
  
4. The LFS defines unemployed persons as those who, during the reference week : 1- were on temporary layoff with an expectation of recall and were available for work; or 2- were without work, had looked for work in the past four weeks, and were available for work; or 3- had a new job to start within four weeks, and were available for work.
  
Source : Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, May 2020, Adapted by the Institut de la statistique du Québec.
 
May 8, 2020
   

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The data presented in this table is also available for consultation in the Databank of Official Statistics on Québec